A modern-day vintage poster of the Harlem Hellfighters of WW1 by S. C. James

Digital Painting

Digital painting is a form of visual art created using digital tools such as a computer, tablet, or smartphone, along with software designed for drawing and painting. Unlike traditional painting, which involves physical brushes, pigments, and a canvas, digital painting allows artists to use a stylus or a digital pen on a graphic tablet or touchscreen device to create artwork on a virtual canvas.

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Graphic design is a creative and practical field that involves the visual communication of ideas, information, or messages through the use of images, typography, and layout techniques. Graphic designers utilize various tools, both traditional and digital, to create visual content for a wide range of media, including print, digital platforms, advertising, packaging, and more.

Graphic designers use software tools like Adobe Creative Suite (including Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign), CorelDRAW, Sketch, and others to bring their designs to life. Effective graphic design not only considers the aesthetic aspects but also takes into account the purpose, target audience, and the intended message of the design. Good graphic design has the power to communicate information clearly, create emotional connections, and drive engagement.

African American Union Soldier painting and collage

Traditional Art

Unlike digital art, which involves creating images using digital tools and software, traditional art relies on physical mediums such as paint, pencils, ink, charcoal, pastels, clay, and other traditional artistic materials. Traditional art encompasses a wide range of techniques and styles, each with its own unique characteristics.

Here are some common forms of traditional art:

  • Drawing

  • Painting

  • Printmaking

  • Sculpture

  • Mixed Media

  • Collage

  • Calligraphy

  • Ceramics

Traditional art has a long history and has been practiced across different cultures and civilizations for centuries. Artists who work in traditional mediums often value the tactile experience, physicality, and craftsmanship involved in creating their art. While digital art has gained popularity, traditional art continues to be widely appreciated for its tangible and hands-on nature.

S Christopher James Oleander lr


Printmaking is an artistic process that involves creating multiple images or impressions from a master image or matrix. The matrix is typically created through various techniques, and the resulting images are often produced on paper or other materials. Unlike drawing or painting, where each work is usually unique, printmaking allows for the creation of multiple copies of the same image, known as prints.

There are several traditional printmaking techniques, each with its own characteristics:

  • Woodcut
  • Engraving
  • Etching
  • Lithography
  • Screen Printing or serigraphy
  • Linocut

Printmaking allows artists to produce editions of their work, making it more accessible to a wider audience. Each print in an edition is considered an original, and the artist may number and sign them. The process requires a combination of technical skill and artistic expression, and it has a rich history in the art world.